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{Download Ebook} ì Quincas Borba ⚣ When the mad philosopher Quincas Borba dies, he leaves to his friend Rubiao the entirety of his wealth and property, with a single stipulation: Rubiao must take care of Quincas Borba's dog, who is also named Quincas Borba, and who may indeed have assumed the soul of the dead philosopher Flush with his newfound wealth, Rubiao heads for Rio de Janeiro and plunges headlong into a world where fantasy and reality become increasingly difficult to keep separate Brilliantly translated by Gregory Rabassa, Quincas Borba is a masterful satire not only on life in Imperial Brazil but the human condition itself I started to read this book with very low espectations I'd already read some books from Machado de Assis and I know how good he is, but this particular book hadn't seem that great Until I started reading it.I was lazy and was getting my time to start, thinking how boring it would be Then Quincas Borba and his ideas came (view spoiler)[ And when he died and I thought it would became boring, there was Palha and Sofia (hide spoiler)] Quincas Borba (Realistic trilogy #2), Machado de AssisQuincas Borba is a novel written by the Brazilian writer Machado de Assis It was first published in 1891 It is also known in English as Philosopher or Dog? The novel was principally written as a serial in the journal A Estação from 1886 to 1891 It was definitively published as a book in 1892 with some small but significant changes from the serialized version Following The Posthumous Memoirs of Bras Cubas (1881), this book is considered by modern critics to be the second of Machado de Assis's realist trilogy, in which the author was concerned with using pessimism and irony to criticize the customs and philosophy of his time, in the process parodying scientism, Social darwinism, and Comte's positivism, although he did not remove all Romantic elements from the plot.تاریخ نخستین خوانش: روز دوازدهم ماه نوامبر سال 2014 میلادیعنوان: کینکاس بوربا ؛ نویسنده: ماشادو د آسیس؛ مترجم: عبدالله کوثری؛ تهران، نشر نی، 1393؛ در 445 ص؛ شابک: 9789641853794؛ موضوع: داستانهای نویسندگان پرتقالی سده 20 مداستان «کینکاس بوربا»، درباره فیلسوفی ست، که عقاید و طرز تفکر عجیبی دارد جناب «کوثری» درباره ی مضمون این رمان، در قسمت «سخن مترجم» می‌نویسند: «کینکاس بوربا، فیلسوف نامتعارفی است که فلسفه‌ ای نامتعارف‌تر از خود دارد، و ماشادو در ترکیب اجزای این فلسفه، عناصری از مهم‌ترین فلسفه‌ های رایج در سده نوزدهم میلادی را به کار گرفته، به این منظور که در نهایت آن فلسفه‌ ها را به نقد بکشد و حتی دست بیندازد اما گستره رمان به این نقد شیطنت‌آمیز محدود نمی‌شود»؛ پایان نقل ا شربیانی Let us talk about sanity and insanity for a while:How do you differentiate sanity and insanity? If you were sane before, how would you know that you have started to become insane? Is there a sign or system to detect the change? If I am sane, and I discover that I am losing my sanity, should I run for a cure or should I become a spectator and witness my insanity engulfing everything that is left sane within? Ok, leave that If I, with my personal intuition, find that a person I know is turning insane, I should try to help him/her, right? I should try and make that person “normal” Yes, I should help Or does that person really need help? Who am I to judge and decide? After all, he/she isvisibly happy than his/her former “sane self” Ok, leave that To quote Machado de Assis, all these are nothing but “questions impregnated with questions” Let’s move forward Let’s talk about Machado de Assis for a while:After reading Dom Casmurro and Devil’s Church and Other Stories, I immediately picked up Quincas Borba Usually, I do not read an author’s works consequently, but De Assis left me with no choice It is very unfortunate that his creative talent is almost unrecognized outside Brazil His prose is filled with irony, satire, wit and wisdom At times, I found myself laughing out loud and at times, my eyes were moist with tears At times, he reminded me of Hamsun and at times, of Proust This does not mean that he lacks originality but quite the contrary His mastery lies in the simplicity of his prose which evokes complexity It amuses the heart and at the same time demands the mind to ponder So, dear reader (as De Assis addresses), please read his works if you haven’t already Who knows, you might end up discovering a new favorite author for yourself When you read his novel, you would discover a web being created around you Machado de Assis creates this web without your consciousness and permission This is the web of his characters, their thoughts, your thoughts, their happiness, your sorrows; all merging into one As you would turn the final page of his novel, the web would mercilessly spit you out into your own reality You would then discover, dear reader, that an unfamiliar part of you has been left behind in the web Whose web? Assis’s web? Your web? Who knows! Let's move forward.Let’s talk about Quincas Borba for a while :As you might have already guessed, this book deals with sanity, insanity and everything in between This story starts with Quincas Borba, an old philosopher(who might be insane) and his dog who is named after him After his death, the old philosopher leaves his wealth and dog for Rubiao, a poor exteacher who took care of the philosopher in his final days Rubiao constructs a vague belief that Quinca Borbathe philosopher’s soul might have taken shelter in Quincas Borbathe dog’s body But that is another story.Now, Rubiao is rich With wealth, come friends In no time, his social circle increases in circumference He gets introduced to Palha and his wife, Dona Sophia Sophia, being attractive and graceful, instantly captures Rubiao’s heart At first, he consoles himself that it would be highly immoral to expect anything minutely similar to his feelings in return But love, as love, is supposed to be love, Rubiao declares his love to Sophia(who later falls in love with Carlos Maria) She declines And thus, our poor Rubiao’s plight begins What happens to him, his love and his dog? I would leave that for the future reader to discover.Along with the already mentioned characters, this novel includes some other vital characters who live their lives in parallel to Rubiao’s Most of these are shades of grey, instead of being just black or white And maybe, this is what makes them seem real; almost familiar My two most favorite characters were Quincas Borbathe dog and Quincas Borbathe philosopher; in the same order Though these two characters just fill a mere couple of pages of the novel, they act as a foundation for rest of the story Their presence is felt throughout Along with Rubiao’s, it is the shadows of these two which haunt the reader afterwards.Let’s move forward.Some afterthoughts which will take only a while:The conclusion of this story leaves the reader with some unanswered questions One of them would be: This novel got its title from the dog or the philosopher? Hard to tell Like mentioned before, there is a lot of merging and faint lines the reader has to deal with.Let’s move forward.Like Carlos Maria, some of us choose to remain sane all our lives Like Sophia, some of us choose insanity over sanity Like Rubiao, some of us naturally turn insane Whose life and fate is better than the rest? Who ishappy and content than the rest? Who knows!Let’s move forward.I must confess, the last page of my copy has a stain of my tears that were shed while reading the final lines I turned the back cover of the book into its initial position and closed my eyes to muse over the prose A faint image of 'Quincas Borbathe dog' appeared in front of my eyes His image became stronger and clear as he wagged his tail and demanded affection I imagined myself jumping and hopping with him We ran after one another, later cuddled to sleep and dreamt about Rubiao and 'Quincas Borbathe philosopher', whom we loved dearly I hoped it made him happy I soon discovered that, I too had left an unfamiliar part of me in the web that was around me a few moments ago My web? Assis’s web? Who knows! And I wouldn’t want to know.Let’s move forward. I picked this up in a used bookstore, because it has one of the best titles I've ever heard of There's a question mark that isn't showing up on Goodreads it's Philosopher or Dog? (Also I have the little Avon paperback with its Rousseauesque Latin American covers.) Machado de Assis is the Flaubert of Brazil, and his books (or at least the two I've read) have a suspense to them that isn't plot related but stems from the fact that he's always telling you exactly what you want to know next even if you didn't know that's what you wanted to hear This is an amazing book.