@Read E-pub × Ferdydurke ⚡ eBook or Kindle ePUB free

@Read E-pub ⛄ Ferdydurke ò Yirminci y zy l roman n n doruklar ndan birini olu turan Ferdydurke s n fland r lamaz bir yap tt r Siyasal bir alegori, modern uygarl n ger ek st c bir incelemesi, varolu u bir roman ve klasik Polonya edebiyat n n t m gelerini i eren karma k bir parodi oldu u eklinde farkl de erlendirmelere tabi tutulsa da ortak kan , tart mas z bir ba yap t oldu udur Yay mland ktan k sa bir s re sonra Polonya da yasaklanan bu sayg s z, satirik yap t, toplumsall n her alan na iddetli bir sald r , bir isyan, bir lanettirAna temas , otuz ya lar ndaki gen bir adam n kendi hayat zerine d n rken k lt l p liseye geri g nderilmesi olan Ferdydurke, ba ka temalarla kesi erek ya da onlara te et ge erek geli ir Modern g ndelik hayat n en mahrem mek nlar olan yatak odalar na ve tuvaletlere dev b y te lerle dalan, derin psikolojik ve felsefi g ndermeler i eren bu yap t, modern ehir ve k r hayat n n pisli ini de mekte, bu le kokulu varolu un temelindeki esareti y z m ze arpmaktad r Hepimiz ba kalar na g re ya yoruz Yeti kinler d nyas ndaki yapay toplumsal roller ocu un kar s na kan ilk kurum olan okulun b kt r c , ezbere dayal atmosferi ve vatan, millet ideali gen li e, spora, tekni e ve teknolojiye tapan ilerici modern orta s n f ailesinin kirli ama rlar g n ll k pekli e can atan yoksullar varl k nedenlerini birbirlerinde bulan ve ayn verili davran kal plar n benimsemi aristokrat efendiler ve k leler Gombrowicz in lanetine u rarlarFerdydurke, ge mi bir alt n a a a t de ildir Ferdydurke de do rudan do ruya kar s ndakine g re bi imlenen ezeli oyuncu insan ve modern insan n ya am n sahtele tiren k lt rel ema hedef al n r Ferdydurke, y k c d r renciler, retmenler, y neticiler, b y k vatan airleri , anneler, veliler, sanat lar, ele tirmenler, gen ler, yeti kinler, ilericiler, kentliler, k yl ler, burjuvalar, aristokratlar ile sanat ve a k, bi imin en derin ifadesi olan y zler, k lar, bald rlar k sacas her kurum ve kimlik, yald zl ve cilal b t n ili kiler bu m stehcen romanda a a lan r Sahte hayatlar ya amak istemeyenler yeti kinlerin d nyas nayetersizlikleri ve olgunla mam l klar yla kar kmak isteyenler i in I didn t finish it well, I did read it it finished me So NR No Rating A first for me, this No Rating And though my index finger twitches on my mouse, dying to rate it if it but could, but how could it How can anyone s index finger click on any rating It almost begs to be given one star, cos, Oh my GR systematizers, how can you, I or anyone like or like this book So one star should work, cos not only did I did not like it occur here, it is, objectively speaking now positively I didn t finish it well, I did read it it finished me So NR No Rating A first for me, this No Rating And though my index finger twitches on my mouse, dying to rate it if it but could, but how could it How can anyone s index finger click on any rating It almost begs to be given one star, cos, Oh my GR systematizers, how can you, I or anyone like or like this book So one star should work, cos not only did I did not like it occur here, it is, objectively speaking now positively unlikeable and designed to be thus It has been crafted so as to be puerile in its lampooning of puerility, infantile in its aping of infantility, callow in its critique of callowness, and unbelievably silly in its refusal to refuse unbelievable silliness Go ahead, you ass this book commands, go ahead and give me one pooping star, smack me a good one right in the pupa an untranslatable word one that invades your readerly space exactly 96 times in the novel, though that number seems far, far lower than it should, believe me but roughly it means ass or toosh I dare you I beg you I disdain you Pupa, pupa Pupas, pupas Whee Whee Whee And so on not an exact quote, but you get the picture.But nor this book would cease mocking you if, nodding sagely like a Prof as you read it, stroking your scholarly chin as you congratulated your mature self on congratulating this novel for its zany immaturity, telling yourself, when you gasp for breath over the finish line I have not yet recovered my own that you are giving it the full five stars that its indubitable canonicity deserves But, It was Amazing How on earth could it be amazing unless you were told that it had to be amazing because it has amazed so many others before you that, if you did not find it amazing, there is simply something wrong with you and your capacity to be amazed and not with this novel , or anti novel which is also an anti anti novel and its capacity to amaze you, you ass If you are credulous enough to be amazed by this you d probably be amazed by pretty much anything, wouldn t you And that would make you either a callow, puerile, infantile or silly, or all of the above Like me.Seriously, though, if reading those first two paragraphs annoyed you even remotely as much as it annoyed me to write them, boy are you in for a treat with this blasted book I read it cos I am making it a project to read or re read everything that Milan Kundera raves about and so far, he s been an excellent guide to excellence Cervantes, Fielding, Sterne, Flaubert, Broch, Kafka and the bits of Musil that I have read have not disappointed Did Ferdydurke disappoint, though Absolutely Can I see why Kundera lauds it so Kinda, though I can certainly spot the influence the disenchantment of the soul and the tyranny of the body, a distrust of the culture of youth, the tension between seriousness and laughter, etc But for the life of me I cannot picture MK re reading this book as clever as it may or may not be OK, part of me says see para 2 , must surely be , it just does not promise to reward too close a reading, let alone multiple readings, I d wager.For me, the best bits were the most serious , and theoretical the two Prefaces to stories that are bundled in with the rest of the text Don t get me wrong, though, cose these Prefaces are still really, really silly, but they seem to approach if not affirm coherence and dare I say it wholeness at times PK, a wholeness of parts, of assembled fragments, a wholeness at least in the sense that every book has some kind of cover, and binding And I recommend repetition as the method for enhancing the vigor of your work, because by systematically repeating certain words, phrases, situations, and parts I intensify them, thereby heightening the impression of uniformity of style to the point of near mania It s by means of repetition, repetition that mythology is most readily created Take note, however, that this construction from particles is not a mere construction, it is actually an entire philosophy which I ll present here in the frivolous and frothy form of a carefree magazine article But what do you think, tell me in your opinion, doesn t the reader assimilate parts only, and only partly at that He reads a part, or a piece of it, then stops, only to resume reading another piece later, and, as so often happens, he starts from the middle or from the end, then backtracks to the beginning Quite often he ll read a couple of segments then toss the book aside, not because he has lost interest in it, but because something else came to his mind And even if he were to read the whole do you think that he can visualize it in its entirety and appreciate the relationship and harmony of its individual parts unless he hears it from an expert Is it for this that an author toils for years, cuts his material and bends it into shape, tears it apart and patches it up again, sweats and agonizes over it so that an expert may tell the reader that its construction is good 70 Though his tongue is firmly in his own pupa here, the serious minded reader in us can almost make out something in it, no No Un like, say, in the bizarre, sub Candide picaresquing about of the hero, as he is transformed from a normal thirty year old into a seventeen year old schoolboy who is subjected to inane adventures at school, at the home of his landlord, and I think Cos near the end of this Festival of the Id it became hard to tell in search of an abducted farmhand And then A Retreat I have a hunch but I don t know whether my lips should confess it now that the time for a Universal Retreat is at hand The son of earth will henceforth understand that he is not expressing himself in harmony with his deepest being but always in accordance with some artificial form painfully thrust upon him from without, either by people or by circumstances He will then dread that form of his and feel ashamed of it, much as he had thus far idolized and flaunted it We will soon fear our persons and our personalities, because it will become apparent that they are by no means truly our own And instead of roaring I believe in this I feel it that s how I am I m ready to defend it, we will say in all humility Maybe I believe in it maybe I feel it I happened to say it, to do it, or to think it The bard will scorn his own song And so must the hypocrite reader scorn himself in the end, WG teaches us that for all our desire for wholeness and unity, we have nothing but our mugs the faces we pull , our fists and our blasted, infantile yearnings, while our blessed, immaculatley conceived Arts are nothing but poses, and or an assembly of irreconcilable parts Then he ends by farting in our general direction Because there is no escape from the mug, other than into another mug, and from a human being one can only take shelter in the arms of another human being From the pupa, however, there is absolutely no escape Chase me if you want I m running away, mug in my hands.It s the end, what a gas,And who s read it is an assLike I said no stars Or as many as you want, fellow Yahoos mine, to throw at it Like so much feces Or whatever Whee There is nothing that the mature hate , there is nothing that disgusts them , than immaturitywrites Gombrowicz in this comic masterpiece of Polish literature Be prepared to embrace your immaturity as Gombrowicz attacks so called maturity and exposes it as a fraud in this story about an aspiring author who is reduced to back to his childish teenage self before a former professor and brought back to school This first novel of his was banned by the Nazi s and Communist parties for itThere is nothing that the mature hate , there is nothing that disgusts them , than immaturitywrites Gombrowicz in this comic masterpiece of Polish literature Be prepared to embrace your immaturity as Gombrowicz attacks so called maturity and exposes it as a fraud in this story about an aspiring author who is reduced to back to his childish teenage self before a former professor and brought back to school This first novel of his was banned by the Nazi s and Communist parties for it s stinging criticisms on society and authority Gombrowicz toys with the absurbed as he delivers a hilarious blend of comedy, political and social satire, literature and psychological critique and the question of identity all while exposing man as an immature being.While Gombrowicz is considered a major figure in Polish and Eastern European literature, and his first novel, Ferdydurke, is considered one of his foremost novels, it wasn t until the later stages of his career, however, that Gombrowicz s genius became widely recognized A major factor of this is due to a fateful trip to Buenos Aires on the eve of WWII Upon arrival, he discovered Hitler had invaded Poland and chose to remain abroad, working in a bank owned by another Polish expatriate, and did not return to Europe until the 60 s The translation of this novel, as the introduction will pound into your head, attempted to maintain Gombrowicz style and nuances as best as possible This includes using a variety of diminutives and not translating certain key phrases, including many of the Latin and french idioms that would have been intentionally left untranslated in it s native polish This choice also gives us a great new word that you will use constantly, probably to the annoyance of others, after this novelthe pupaThe pupa is a very encompassing word that most often literally means the butt Yes, assess play a large part of this novel There are hilarious bits of mommy s and aunties peeping through holes in the fence around the playground to talk amongst each other aboutwhat cute little pupas, pupas, pupas our little darlings haveThe pupa is used very freely, often times standing in for various ideas of immaturity and youth This novel is teeming with immaturity symbolism, so keep a sharp eye out.This novel is a perfect blend of high brow and low brow humor It s as if Frasier and Monty Python got together for a social satire aimed at intellectuals The novel is basically split into three parts, each with a break from the story for Gombrowicz to discuss literature and tell side stories that offer further insight into the novel s themes the short story of The Child Runs Deep in Filidor would even be worth reading on it s own There is the school scene, which pits cliques of schoolchildren against each other, creating a metaphor of Polish politics with different groups symbolizing various political parties This section showcases children trying so desperately to hard to be tough and vulgar and adult that they are simplyinnocent in their desire not to be innocentThis brought to mind the poem Schoolchildren by Author W.H Auden , which I would highly recommend The teachers are also shown through the lens of Gombrowicz as being just as juvenile and foolish as their students All institutions and values and ideas that would present themselves asabove the common rabbleor mature comes under fire from Gombrowicz s cutting critique He dissects the modern family with all their progressive ideas, making them into a laughable fraud of immature beings posturing as respectable Cities and university s are mocked and belittled, relationships are made out as foolish, while peasants and especially lords get the biggest brunt of Gombrowicz s fist to the mouth of society The last scenes of this novel are incredible and very Monty Python esk in their absurbdity Even the moon in the sky becomes a giant pupa shinning down on us all You will want to call every nose a snoot and every face, oraccurately, every identity, a mug after reading this The closing lines of the story are even a slap in the face to you the reader, and you will laugh and relish in your own humiliation.As an author, Gombrowicz is cunning and deft and can manipulate words with the best of them He has a brilliant, insightful mind and is eager to share it with the reader, managing to show off an assumed arrogance but while beingthan inviting His greatest skills are his grasp on the human psyche, and he manages to deconstruct human nature wonderfully In scenes where the narrator is toying with the minds of others and creating a sense of unease, the reader will feel it too and Gombrowicz seemingly enjoys making the reader uncomfortable as he slowly tightens the screws of his psychological terrorisms He laughs in the face of humanity, reducing anything beyond juvenile immaturity as merely posturing,a series of empty phrases and grimacesand a false facade His lecture on being an author offer some of the finest insights into falsity in art he reflects that man too often just tries to create what others would enjoy and in the end we trap ourselves inan ocean of opinions, each one defining you within someone else, and creating you in another man s soulall becauseman is profoundly dependent on the reflection of himself in another man s soul, be it even the soul of an idiotThis is just scratching the surface of the full frontal barrage of arguments Gombrowicz throws aboutLet me conceive my own shape, let no one do it for mehe bellows This novel, wholly original, creates a Gombrowicz that you will enjoy through further novels I feel he achieves this lofty goal.This is one of the funniest novels I have ever read, and is a wonderful satire that will reveal itself further if you put a little work into it and research some of the many allusions Also, the cover art is done by none other than Bruno Schulz, another incredible major figure of Polish literature Oh and Ian, this is definitely Literary Comedy Gombrowicz will insult everything you know, and you will love him all thefor it From a human being one can only take shelter in the arms of another human being From the pupa, however, there is absolutely no escape.A clear 5 5 Ferdydurke is some sort of abracadabra and the novel can be defined as an absurdist abstraction Mankind is accursed because our existence on this earth does not tolerate any well defined and stable hierarchy, everything continually flows, spills over, moves on, everyone must be aware of and be judged by everyone else, and the opinions that the ignorant, dull, and slow witted hold about us are no less important than the opinions of the bright, the enlightened, the refined This is because man is Ferdydurke is some sort of abracadabra and the novel can be defined as an absurdist abstraction Mankind is accursed because our existence on this earth does not tolerate any well defined and stable hierarchy, everything continually flows, spills over, moves on, everyone must be aware of and be judged by everyone else, and the opinions that the ignorant, dull, and slow witted hold about us are no less important than the opinions of the bright, the enlightened, the refined This is because man is profoundly dependent on the reflection of himself in another man s soul, be it even the soul of an idiot I absolutely disagree with my fellow writers who treat the opinions of the dull witted with an aristocratic haughtiness and declare odi profanum vulgus What a cheap and simplistic way of avoiding reality, what a shoddy escape into specious loftiness I maintain, on the contrary, that thedull and narrow minded they are, theurgent and compelling are their opinions, just as an ill fitting shoe hurts usthan a well fitting one And the judgments of the oafs prevail and Ferdydurke is the world seen through the eyes of idiots Normality is a tightrope walker above the abyss of abnormality How much potential madness is contained in the everyday order of things And seen with the eye of a talented ignoramus the ordinary social stereotypes and customs become preposterous and our regular behavioral patterns turn ludicrous Good grief, I ve got a copy of this somewhere that I must have liberated from a second hand bookshop years ago and which I am fairly sure has long since gone the way of all books although it is hard for me to tell as much of my life is in semi storage to varying degrees.An odd story Not Mloda Polska thanks to the correction in comments but a product of the inter war period A man is taken out of adult life and made to live as a child, he is forced to return to school and given foster parent Good grief, I ve got a copy of this somewhere that I must have liberated from a second hand bookshop years ago and which I am fairly sure has long since gone the way of all books although it is hard for me to tell as much of my life is in semi storage to varying degrees.An odd story Not Mloda Polska thanks to the correction in comments but a product of the inter war period A man is taken out of adult life and made to live as a child, he is forced to return to school and given foster parents to live with Naturally he is still an adult even though everybody treats him as a child There is an absurd classroom scene in which the star pupil, who naturally due to the halo effect is also the most handsome, is called upon by the teacher to save his lesson by explaining the greatness of , presumably Mickiewicz, to the rest of the class who on account of being schoolboys are somewhat blockheaded, this he does by declaiming that Mickiewicz is the greatest national poet because his works move us profoundly and that they move us profoundly because Mickiewicz is the greatest national poet, which I suppose is true even if unenlightening, and I suspect that similar things are taught to children round the world with only the name of the poet changed as appropriate to local circumstances The only way the narrator can escape this prison of circular logic is by fighting back and upsetting as many apple carts as possible, chiefly achieved by turning school life and the household of his foster parents upside down In one scene he hopes to achieve this by convincing his foster parents that something scandalous is going on in their teen aged daughter s bedroom, there he opens one cupboard to reveal I believe the aforementioned pretty schoolboy result happiness on the part of the parents, such a relationship is at least appropriate even if plainly over actively indulged in, so the narrator is forced to open a second cupboard revealing the school teacher result complete outrage and confusion This reminds me of how a former chief inspector of schools on the podium of a teacher conference once said that he felt relationships between teachers and pupils were educative which I suppose from a broad point of view they would be since all relationships are but which rather suggested that the chief inspector had so over indulged in Plato as to loose touch with the Zeitgeist, and that if you put some people up on a podium in front of a crowd there is no knowing what will fall out of their mouths.A fable ought to end with a moral, but I ve forgotten mine