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~Read Ebook ♪ Capitães da Areia ♭ Capitães da Areia é o livro de Jorge Amado mais vendido no mundo inteiroPublicado em , teve a sua primeira edição apreendida e queimada em praça pública pelas autoridades do Estado Novo Emconheceu nova edição e desde então sucederamse as edições nacionais e estrangeiras, e as adaptações para a rádio, televisão e cinemaJorge Amado descreve, em páginas carregadas de grande beleza, dramatismo e lirismo poucas vezes igualados na literatura universal, a vida dos meninos abandonados nas ruas de São Salvador da BahiaDividido em três partes, o livro atinge um clímax inesquecível no capítulo Canção da Bahía, Canção da Liberdade em que é narrada a emocionante despedida de um dos personagens da história, que se afasta dos seus queridos Capitães da Areianoite misteriosa das macumbas, enquanto os atabaques ressoam como clarins de guerra I read it a few years ago at school At first, me and my classmates refused about reading it: it was long and sounded bored I personally love reading but it was hard starting with this one but whan I did, then, I just couldn't stay away from it The same with my classmates We all love it We love every little single part of it It made us all cry It made us all fall in love with one of the characters It made us all read it at least twice We were around 60 people and now days we all say it's our favourite book. Jorge Amado wanted to speak against the poverty and misery in Brazil, about all that made those young boys homeless thieves But he romanticizes these boys in everything they do, even when they rape young black women for sport In Amado’s books, men always seem to think in poor black women like objects, beings, there just for their pleasure, to cook and to have sex.In a deeply disturbing scene, the hero [sic] Pedro Bala annaly rapes a fifteen years old black girl after she claims to be a virgin He menaces her, and she realizes that if she won’t consent [sic] to that, he will take her virginity, and then he tries to rape her anyway because he is still excited At the end, he lets her go, making her promise that she will meet him in the following day to be annaly raped once again If she doesn’t show up, he will take revenge on her Amado writes that she cried of fear, but also that she felt desire, and he actually uses the words “She consented” He also writes that she behaved as a mad woman, crying and screaming, with terror in her eyes And that all she felt was pain and fear, and desire to run away Pedro Bala hates her because she keeps crying, thinking in the end that she was just a kid and regretting ever meeting her, even though he later rapes other girls He states that he did nothing to her, because she was still virgin And many people wondered if Amado wrote about her desire because of the image that black girls are always sexually available.They also try to gang rape a little girl, giving up not because one of them points out repeatedly that she is a child, but because Pedro Bala, who initially stated that it was their right to rape her, gets fascinated by her blond hair They then stop seeing her as a sexual being, thinking in her as a sweet mother There is an old prejudice, that women can be either whores or wives In 19th century Brazil, there was a racist saying: “A black woman in the kitchen, a mulata in the bed and a white girl in the altar” Amado’s characters sometimes seem to live in these times.Amado may write in a very poetical manner, but that doesn’t change the facts: if we lived in that city, everyone would be terrified by those boys It’s an awful cycle: the police brutality makes the boys crueler; their cruelty makes people support police brutality As terrible as that sounds, when crime rates are too high, people feel safer if the police is killing teenage rapists and murderers, since Brazilian laws state that teenagers can’t be in prison for long, regardless of the crime they committed Of course they suffered a lot, and I believe that misery justifies petty thefts, but I have always felt that to say that this is a justification for their actions or its reasons is an offense to all those who suffered but never committed rape and murder.And I believe that, to some extent, to believe that black women are always sensual, always willing to have sex, is a form of racism. Capitães da AreiaCaptains of the Sand was first published in 1937 and tells the lives of 100 street children living in the slums of Bahia, Brazil Their gritty, harsh lives consists mainly by stealing and lying to get by under the leadership of Pedro Bala (Peter Bullet) The local authorities along with the Roman Catholic Church made it their mission to crack down on these street kids.This could be a rather bleak tale (it is) but Jorge Amado builds the story with indelible personalities The Professor, who loves to read but also has a wonderful artistic talent The priest, padre José Pedro who has a good heart and wants to save these “lost souls.” Gato (Cat) is the macho ladies’ man and kind hearted, although threateningly large, João Grande The liar SemPernas, who tries to be adopted by rich families with the through of robbing them blind A real mixture of characters and stories behind each of them At the heart is the tragic love story of the leader Pedro Bala and the beautiful Dora.Throw in the poverty, samba and smallpox outbreak and you have a very entertaining tale Although my Portuguese was challenged at times, I truly was mesmerized by this book The last 50 pages are real page turners.Interestingly when the book was published, it was condemned as being communist and burned That is odd but typical of the time period The only reference I could find was the priest was charged as a communist by the committee who reviewed his errant actions Today, the social realism paints a vibrant story of these children, many who were orphaned and the street life taught them to survive as best as they could.I read Dona Flor and her Two Husbands a few years back and loved it (old enough to remember the movie with Sônia Braga and loved it) But what amazes me is that this is a classic in Brazil and one that I never knew about (typical me) So I was curious to know what other books were published in 1937? Brave New World, Of Mice and Men, As I Lay Dying to name a few under the social realism category As I read it I thought of Graham Greene’s The Power and the Glory (1940) about an outlawed priest in Mexico Of course, when one thinks of gangs, think only of Clockwork Orange, published in 1962 Wow, this book was decades ahead This was the case of finding this book in a bookstore and just buying it Glad I did.4.5 A fun pack of adventure tales that doubles as comingofage story and glimpse at grassroots communism It reads like a novel for adolescents, but clever, badass adolescents who could intelligently grapple with underplayed scenes of rape, child abuse, and violence in general.This novel is the sixth and last in a cycle of novels about his native Bahia (in Brazil) that Jorge Amado wrote in his early twenties It's not a mustread but it's a quick and skipping one. I started thinking as I was reading Jorge Amado's Captains of the Sands that it reminded me of A Clockwork Orange, both the novel and the movie In both cases, there were criminal gangs of young toughs ruled by a canny chief, and both gangs were involved in mayhem, murder, and rape but unlike Clockwork, Amado takes his gang, named the Captains of the Sands, from young thugs into mythology Instead of being involved in some strange pseudoscientific rehabilitation scheme, what happens to the Captains is that they pass into the myth of Brazil's Bahia of the 1930s.The Captains include Pedro Bala, their leader; the Professor; Legless; Cat; Lollipop; Dry Gulch; Big Joao And there is, for a short while, a girl, too, named Dora Some manage to leave into a better life, some into a worse, and some die Toward the end, Pedro muses on what has happened to the gang:Pedro smiled It was another one leaving They wouldn't be boys all their lives He knew quite well that they'd never seemed like children Since very small, in the risky life on the streets, the Captains of the Sands were like men, were the equal of men The only difference was in size In everything else they were equal: they loved and pulled down black girls onto the sand from an early age, they stole in order to live, like the thieves of the city When they were caught, they were beaten like men Sometimes they made armed attacks, like the most feared bandits in Bahia Nor did they talk like children either, they talked like men They felt the same as men.In the other works by Amado I had read, I kept feeling myself being drawn into this half Christian/half Pagan world, where the tug between the Church and the candomblé omnipresent The Church is mostly on the side of the rich spinsters who keep it in gold and silver, while the candomblé, and African priestesses like Don'Aninha walk and live side by side with the poor Amado's Bahia is incredibly rich, and it keeps growing on the reader.This is a surprising book I expected it to end one way, but Amado turned the tables on me I won't say what happens to Pedro and the lovely little Dora, because that was, for me, the surprise It is hard to believe that Captains of the Sands dates back to 1937 I felt as if I were reading a contemporary novel. I read this book and crying Crying with joy, crying with sorrow I think, it's very emotional and sad roman about homeless children, which have friendship, but haven't mom's love and caress. Jorge Amado was only 25 when he wrote: Captains of the Sands in 1937.This novel takes place in Salvador de Bahia, the former capital of Brazil and a point of convergence, at the time of slavery, of European, African and Amerindian cultures.The lowlands of this city steeped in history where the most diverse communities live will inspire the great Brazilian novelist throughout his career The fate of underprivileged, the living conditions of those left behind, social injustices will permeate the work of this writer close to the people.It is in an abandoned warehouse, at the end of a sandy no man's land, that we meet a group of teenagers left to their own devices.VoltaSeca, SemPernas, The Professor, Pirulito, The Cat, are the nicknames that they attribute to each other Only a scarred blond, their leader Pedro Bala, kept the name of his late father, the union leader of the dockers trampled by the cavalry ten years earlier.These abandoned children only have their resourcefulness to survive, begging, and theft shares their daily lives Their dagger and razor dexterity compensates for their lack of strength against adults Their cooperation, their friendship, their great solidarity allow these young boys in need of love to, despite everything, cling to individual humanity.The only adult to know their landmark, Father José Pedro has all their confidence, and some of them are sensitive to his message of peace But the vast majority do not have the soul of an altar boy, and primary instincts often take precedence over reason.The reader will nevertheless appreciate the wanderings of these naughty kids in the heat of the flowery streets of Bahia.The enormous gap then appears between the impoverished slums of the port and the wealthy residences in the upper part of the city By small touches, without forcing the line, the writer gives the impression of idealizing the survival behaviour of the Captains of the Sands; he does not glorify their exactions but is not far from finding excuses for them in the face of the cruel world imposed on them.Nearly a century later, the disparities within Brazilian society are hardly less glaring, and the mass protests in the country's major cities in recent weeks would likely have inspired the late Amado's militant pen. The newspaper articles framing Jorge Amado’s Captains of the Sands provide a touch of realism while introducing the underlying conditions and hardships facing a group of orphans in Bahia I liked this introduction and the first number of chapters that chronicled the exploits and streets smarts of the Captains of the Sands This group is made up of about 100 youths who sleep in an abandoned warehouse and eke out a starvation existence by thieving In the various chapters, the focus shifts between one of several characters in the gang This makes it feel like a collection of stories rather than a novel The pretext that this is an objective documentation of events also falls away with each successive story Through it all, though, there is a sense that there are no alternatives for these orphans if they want to survive They are led by Pedro Bala (Bullet) It took me quite some time to come to terms with the leader’s casual rape of a 15year old girl For a while, I tried to convince myself that we were not meant to approve of Bullet or the actions of the other Captains of the Sands Cruelty is not a stranger in their lives Why should they be expected to treat others with a humanity that is denied to them? However, with nomention of the assault (he later thinks about his sport of ‘pulling little black girls onto the sand’ to have his way with them as different than his love for Dora), the narrative moves forward Worse yet, it is clear that we are meant to admire Bullet Frankly, to have him romanticized after that is a bit galling What was still compelling was the inability of any of the other orphans to achieve their dreams They recognize that such dreams are impossible and sabotage them if there’s a chance at them coming true For instance, at one point, Legless is taken into a home with a woman who treats him like a mother Instead of accepting the love he has yearned for he lets the gang know how best to rob the house and disappears When the Professor’s artistic skill is admired by a man who is in a position to help him with his art, the Professor throws the man’s card away and tells Bullet that all they’ll ever be is thieves Though some of the gang including the Professor move away from the gang near the end in order to chase after their dreams, a pervading feeling remains that nothing has changed the way a classconscious society looks down on the less fortunate That’s probably why the very last pages of Captains of the Sands resound with such revolutionary fervor More than anything else, Amado wanted the world to understand the suffering of the Bahian people. Personally my favorite Brazilian author and my favorite book of his Firstly read this at school and, even if I wasn't much of a reader at that time, I remember trading rest time to read this book I could not concentrate while not finishing the story The way things happens, described almost perfectly by Amado, binds you almost completely You know it is a story, yet in between the words written Amado tells you and warns you with a pinch of reality The characters are very outstanding, with their personalities connecting with you as when you meet someone new Definitely recommended.