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@Download Epub ⚢ The African Origin of Civilization: Myth or Reality õ Now in its th printing, this classic presents historical, archaeological, and anthropological evidence to support the theory that ancient Egypt was a black civilizationNB translation of sections of Ant riorit des civilisations n gres and Nations n gres et culture Cheikh Anta Diop has to be one of the great African Thinkers of the twentieth century From the time he published his thesis in 1954, he has consistently challenged western ideas on Africa and its relationship to Ancient Egypt The African Origin of Civilization Myth or Reality represents his definitive work on early African Civilization and the origins of the Ancient Egyptians.Definitely a must read for anyone interested in African History. Soundtrack to this review please listen The Ancient Egyptians, the founders of the civilisation that built the pyramids and brought writing, geometry, religion and science to the Greeks and others , were Black, as in Negro as in, they lookedlike the Yoruba or the Kikuyu or the Xhosa than any group of Semitic people They came from the interior, from Nubia Sudan or the drying Western Sahara Their sacred sites were in Upper Egypt, their true homeland Their gods were there, and t Soundtrack to this review please listen The Ancient Egyptians, the founders of the civilisation that built the pyramids and brought writing, geometry, religion and science to the Greeks and others , were Black, as in Negro as in, they lookedlike the Yoruba or the Kikuyu or the Xhosa than any group of Semitic people They came from the interior, from Nubia Sudan or the drying Western Sahara Their sacred sites were in Upper Egypt, their true homeland Their gods were there, and the heads of those gods were painted coal black The Egyptians made no distinction of colour between themselves and the Nubians or other Black Africans Herodotus says they were black and had woolly hair The Bible says it And where Egyptians travelled North, they ruled the earliest kings of Elam were Black, as their tomb paintings clearly show The Canaanites, the Phoenicians, the Carthagianians were Black Speaking of tomb paintings, statuary and so on, well, just take a look, the book has pictures Why am I struggling to make myself clear Well, race isn t a thing is it It s just junk in the mind of the racist, as one friend objected when I started talking about this book The trouble is, we as in everyone are all racist, and the junk in racist minds is exactly what Cheikh Anta Diop can I call him CAD Thanks is writing back to here In fact, Egyptology up to 1954 had been part and parcel of the ideology of scientific racism While CAD is able to cite some scholars of good faith going all the way back to de Volney circa 1785 who observes the much lightened by mixing Egyptians and recalls the words of Herodotus, concluding the ancient Egyptians were true Negroes of the same type as all native born Africans , the majority of the Egyptologists he cites are clearly so deeply sunk in their white supremacy that they will allow themselves any amount of contradiction, denial and extravagant misinterpretation, and think up any crackpot theory, to avoid accepting the obvious conclusion that THE EGYPTIANS WERE BLACK.Some of these theories propose that the Egyptians came from the North, which is ridiculous, and others create White races with dark skin Hence such designations as Hamite Nilotic and so on, proliferate as the white Egyptologists scramble to avoid the belief that the despised and enslaved Negro could be the antecedent and teacher of European culture CAD believes that there are only three races , white, black and yellow and suspects that even the yellow is really just a mix of black and white, like the Semites and other Mediterranean people, and the Egyptians today Egyptologists had suggested that Indo Europeans civilized the Egyptians and lightened them, but Egyptian civilisation pre dates anything in Europe and Mesopotamia, and mixing was very gradual due to the small numbers of whiter peoples coming to Africa, while all the elements of the Egyptian civilisation were in place in the undeniably Black Old Kingdom The pale folks who came to Egypt before it fell were usually prisoners of war who became slaves Egyptians could not be enslaved The country was never a slave economy numbers were small or brought into the royal harem.This isn t a theory of racial superiority of course the Egyptians social and cultural sophistication, asserts CAD, was nurtured by their environment and the need for cooperation imposed by the particular agricultural conditions around the Nile Bounteous nature was unsurprisingly revered Meanwhile, the Indo Europeans struggling to survive on the hostile steppes developed the patriarchal family and aggressive, opportunistic lifeways, devoid of respect for nature, which treated them harshly CAD suggests that the Egyptians persecuted the Jews because of their horror of nomads I am generally wary of this kind of psychological explanation by climate, but in some aspects this speculative description approximates a historical approach I would like to stand up for nomads against this sedentarist perspective, though not especially to defend the people who became the faithless extractivists of Western Europe what about Native American nomadic people, famously not faithless extractivists One of my problems with the text is the apparently uncritical use of the opposition between civilisation and barbarism CAD accepts the idea that Black Africa has regressed from the glory days of the pharaohs I have to object that this is part of racist, colonial ideology.Nor is this the only aspect of the text which needs further decolonisation Unforgivably, CAD collaborates in antiblackness as it constructs black female gender Comments about hair in particular I would like to know what frizzy is translated from are entirely misogynoiristic and when CAD uses the phrase feminine elegance he is explicitly distinguishing white women from black women I don t mean to imply that Native Americans all have nomadic traditions or were all nomadic before the invasion of colonising Europeans despite my ignorance about the topic I am well aware that the continent had many cities before the white invasion CAD thinks that Black Africans who crossed the Atlantic had a hand in this urbanising step pyramids but he is only speculating and I need to do further research into the exciting topic of these Atlantic crossings the term misogynoir was coined by Moya BaileyThe depth of some Egyptologists investment in white supremacy provokes some enjoyable dry humour from CAD In Reply to a Critic , he addresses the remarks of one denier, Raymond Mauny on the ethnic mix of later periods M Mauny knows that if this mix of people were transported to New York City, they would be found in Harlem This snark not only indicates the accessibility of this readable and absorbing book, but also points to the reality that racialisation is contextual As Leena Abiballa a Sudanese writer explains in this article Too Black to be Arab, too Arab to be Black race is a Western fantasy maintained by a daily, violent socio political choreography So, why do I disagree with my friend s comment that we shouldn t assign racial identities to historic civilizations Why am I greeting CAD s project as near heroic Context In, say, Paris, 1954, or London, 2016, a time travelling group of ancient Egyptians would be called BLACK, and that fact turns the foundation of scientific racism, which is the foundation of this Western fantasy of race, UPSIDE DOWN, which as Fanon tells us is what has to be done before it can dissipate into nothingness So while I find the occasional descent into skull measuring tedious, I recognise its necessity What happens now is that nobody talks of the Egyptians as White or Asian, but the conception is not challenged, so people continue to picture them as such and reproduce the idea it has its own self sustaining life That s why whites are cast as Egyptians in movies etc Now I m on the lookout for books and other art that presents ancient Egypt as Black Hollywood antidotes pleaseupdate it has been suggested to me that Cheikh Anta Diop s theory is trapped inside a racist conception I would like to avoid facilitating obfuscation, so I want to reply here Firstly, this is insulting CAD has replied to the racism of Egyptology, implicit and explicit, ON ITS OWN TERMS Even on the grounds of the essentialist concept of race it propounds, it is incorrect I think this is the most effective refutation CAD has used white man epistemology and essentialism strategically.I know that in a way, a meaningful way, the objector is right, because in this volume CAD concludes with touching optimism that accurate or authentic objective anthropology will triumph, racism will be over But yes, a different epistemology is needed To repeat a much abused revelation The master s tools will never dismantle the master s house Audre LordeBut knowing that race is not real has not helped much, has it White supremacy has been making out like a bandit on the back of this valid deconstruction for some time, pretending that since race does not exist, racism the white concept of racism is one of the master s tools does not exist either, since Lincoln freed the slaves or whatever, now there s a full meritocracy, level playing field etc that was all in the past, can t we just move on stop playing the race card Racialisation is contextual, but it does not follow that a person can take off the helmet of their language and culture at a stroke, and end racism thus History is important, emotionally Stories have real power.While I was reading this, I asked some folks this question What do you think the ancient Egyptians looked like The first answer I got was about their clothesThis is avoidance of the uncomfortable I clarifiedThe second reply from a knowledgeable person was that they had Asian skin, almond eyes, long hair That is racist Egyptology at work.I said the Egyptians were Black, as in, you know, like Oprah.The next reply was I don t think we should assign race to them, I never thought about it That is colourblindness or raceblindness, which is really racism blindness, isn t it The last person is quite enlightened, he knows race is not a thing, but it seems to me that it is another way of avoiding an uncomfortable topic.White Supremacy The Egyptians were White, because only Whites could create this advanced civilisation Cheikh Anta Diop Actually, the Egyptians were Black Pomo Covert White Supremacy Oh, race isn t a thing anyway What happened The water got hot, so somebody jumped out.Person 2 also said Surely the Egyptologists were not all racist which is related to the objection some old racist books claimed the Egyptians were white But this is not over, as person 2 s first response indicates They had Asian skin , so they were Asian Go to the British Museum s lovely Ancient Egypt website, and see all the gods drawn as pale as I amAs Sara Ahmed says This is not over We should not get over it This book is full of information and facts exposing white washing of origins of Carthage, Egypt, etc Every person of African descent should read this book African history needs to be claimed back and told from the perspective of the African It is a definitive work without a doubtHighly recommended reading if there is a bible of african history this is genesis