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|Read Book ô Jacques le Fataliste et son maître à Майже всі художні твори Дені Дідрофранцузького філософапросвітителя, творця «Енциклопедії», мистецтвознавця і письменника, побачили світ і принесли йому славу лише після смерті Протягом кількох століть уся Європа відкривала для себе романи Дідромитця, чий творчий пошук значно випередив свій час, але є актуальним і понині До видання ввійшли антиклерикальний романсповідь «Черниця»; дотепний, перейнятий діалектичною грою розуму романдіалог «Небіж Рамо» та наповнений життєвою мудрістю та життєлюбством свого героя роман «Жакфаталіст» На думку Дідро, роман повинен змальовувати навколишній світ, показувати живі характери та зображувати картину звичаїв своєї доби в правдивих деталях, щоб читач змушений був сказати: «Слово честі, це правда! Таке не вигадаєш!» It may be your destiny to read and adore the pithy wit of Diderot At a time when the novel was new as a genre as a contemporary of Sterne and Richardson, Diderot confronts the religion and philosophy of his day entrenched in the idea that man's fate was written on a scroll on high and that man only acted out a bit part devoid of real choice in his slavery to destiny Predestination did not sit well with Diderot and Jacques is the novelist in this dog's breakfast he has served up railing aginst his own genre to assert his humanity and freedom on his picaresque journey to nowhere Does anyone know where they're going? certainly sounds like Beckett who lived in France and may well have read Diderot Jacques is forced to conclude that people think they are in charge of their destiny when their destiny is in charge of them What choice does the fatalist really have except to resign to his fate? Because life is a series of endless misunderstandings, it isn't easy to be captain of one's own soul The epigrams are deliciously well phrased: Virtue is an excellent thing Both good people and wicked people speak highly of it Or this: I think there are some very odd things written up there on high The wicked fable of the Sheath and the Knife is certainly memorable Jacques is genuinely hilarious in many places and despite Diderot's scathing complaints of the early novel, he wrote an enduring classic beloved because of its pure wit, audacity, irony and uncanny phrasing I urge you to read this great early novel destined to foretell the promise bound to follow for the genre. Exclusive Interview with Denis Diderot, Author and PhilosopherReader: Can you tell us a little about how this book took shape, Mr Diderot?DD: There's not much to tell All I know is that one day two figures on horseback appeared on the page before me, and it soon became clear that the one called Jacques (he was definitely a 'Jacques') was the servant of the other.R: Were Jacques le Fataliste et son maître = Jacques the Fatalist, Denis Diderot (1713 1784)Jacques the Fatalist and his Master (French: Jacques le fataliste et son maître) is a novel by Denis Diderot, written during the period 1765–1780 The first French edition was published posthumously in 1796, but it was known earlier in Germany, thanks to Goethe's partial translation, which appeared in 1785 and was retranslated into French in 1793, as well as Mylius's complete German version of 1792.The main subject of the book is the relationship between the valet Jacques and his master, who is never named The two are traveling to a destination the narrator leaves vague, and to dispel the boredom of the journey Jacques is compelled by his master to recount the story of his loves However, Jacques's story is continually interrupted by other characters and various comic mishaps Other characters in the book tell their own stories and they, too, are continually interrupted There is even a reader who periodically interrupts the narrator with questions, objections, and demands forinformation or detail The tales told are usually humorous, with romance or sex as their subject matter, and feature complex characters indulging in deception Jacques's key philosophy is that everything that happens to us down here, whether for good or for evil, has been written up above, on a great scroll that is unrolled a little bit at a time Yet Jacques still places value on his actions and is not a passive character Critics such as J Robert Loy have characterized Jacques's philosophy as not fatalism but determinism The book is full of contradictory characters and other dualities One story tells of two men in the army who are so much alike that, though they are the best of friends, they cannot stop dueling and wounding each other Another concerns Father Hudson, an intelligent and effective reformer of the church who is privately the most debauched character in the book Even Jacques and his master transcend their apparent roles, as Jacques proves, in his insolence, that his master cannot live without him, and therefore it is Jacques who is the master and the master who is the servant The story of Jacques's loves is lifted directly from Tristram Shandy, which Diderot makes no secret of, as the narrator at the end announces the insertion of an entire passage from Tristram Shandy into the story Throughout the work, the narrator refers derisively to sentimental novels and calls attention to the ways in which events developrealistically in his book At other times, the narrator tires of the tedium of narration altogether and obliges the reader to supply certain trivial details.تاریخ نخستین خوانش: هفدهم ماه نوامبر سال 2008 میلادیعنوان: ژاک قضا و قدری و اربابش؛ اثر: دنی دیدرو؛ مترجم: مینو مشیری؛ مشخصات نشر: تهران، فرهنگ نشر نو، 1386، در 358 ص، رمانهای کلاسیک خارجی، شابک: 9647443196، چاپ دوم 1387، موضوع: داستانهای نویسندگان فرانسوی، فرانسه، سده 18 مرابطه ی میان ژاک (نوکر) و اربابش است، که هرگز نام ارباب در نگاره نمی‌آید ژاک و اربابش، عازم مکانی نامعلوم هستند، و در طول سفر برای آنکه از کسالت سفر بکاهند، ارباب از ژاک می‌خواهد، که داستان عشق‌های بگذشته‌ های خویش را بازگو کند داستان ژاک بارها توسط شخصیت‌های دیگر و رخدادهای ناگوار کمیک قطع می‌شود شخصیت‌های دیگر، داستان‌های خودشان را بازگو می‌کنند، و داستان‌های آن‌ها نیز، بارها قطع می‌شود حتی شخصیتی با عنوان: «خواننده داستان» نیز، حضور دارد، که بارها حرف راوی را قطع می‌کند: پرسشی می‌پرسد، به چیزی اعتراض می‌کند، یا از روای، می‌خواهد اطلاعات بیشتری به او بدهد، و او را در جریان جزئیات داستان، قرار دهد موضوع داستان‌هایی که در کتاب روایت می‌شوند بیشتر در باره ی عشق و رابطه هایهٔ جنسی است شخصیت‌های پیچیده ی داستان، غرق در فریب، و ریاکاری‌ هستن،د و لحن داستان‌ها شوخ‌ طبعانه است ا شربیانی Life is but a series of misunderstandings.To me, navigating life as a mother and teacher and daughter and sister and spouse and friend and neighbour and commuter and grocery shopper and reader and artist (on extended sabbatical) is a lot about trying to match my own misunderstandings (as far as I am aware of them) with those of my environment And as that is no easy task, I occasionally experience deep pessimism, which I cure with Thomas Bernhard's prose Once in recovery mode, I switch to Diderot!Jacques le Fataliste is not only a very funny and witty account of life as it hits us in the face, it is also a philosophical journey towardsawareness and acceptance of the absurdities we encounter and create for ourselves.With Diderot's Jacques and Voltaire's Candide in my pocket, I set out to explore the world as a young adult in the ancient, remote times of the last decade of a past century/millennium And as life moves in loops, I always end up revisiting the eloquence of Enlightenment in times of Ancien Régime intolerance.To Jacques!