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[[ Download Ebook ]] í Filters against Folly: How to Survive despite Economists, Ecologists, and the Merely Eloquent ¸ The ecological problems facing our world are frequently addressed by a barrage of experts whose slogans and solutions frequently confuse, rather than clarify our understanding of ecological issues In Filters Against Folly, Garrett Hardin shows how the filters of literacy understanding what words really mean, numeracy being able to quantify information, and ecolacy assessment of complex interactions over time, can allow us to make sensible judgments about ecological issues I enjoyed this book and I would probably read this again The author asks the reader to look at the world through three filters He wants society to have a healthy scepticism towards new technological innovations until the consequences of their development have been fully and thoroughly considered I think this is a good idea but it should not stop people from pursuing new inventions and innovations as our economies are dependent on creating new systems, methods, and technologies. Although this book is already 25 years old, it is amazingly up to date in its take on politics, philosophy, and ecology The book is short, easy to read, but contains some very deep, fundamental concepts The author writes about three filters through which decisions should be made literate, numerate, and ecolate The basic question a literate filter should ask is What are the wordsIn politics, words like absolute, infinite, non negotiable and sacred mean that the speaker is unwilling to be a Although this book is already 25 years old, it is amazingly up to date in its take on politics, philosophy, and ecology The book is short, easy to read, but contains some very deep, fundamental concepts The author writes about three filters through which decisions should be made literate, numerate, and ecolate The basic question a literate filter should ask is What are the wordsIn politics, words like absolute, infinite, non negotiable and sacred mean that the speaker is unwilling to be a discussion partner There is no use in negotiating with him, because he has his mind set, and is unwilling to compromise.The numerate filter asks the question What are the numbers , but isthan just assigning numbers to things It means objective measures of things, like risks, reliability, and the true total costs to society The ecolate filter is derived from the word ecology This filter asks the question And then whatThis filter asks what additional, perhaps unforseen consequences can come from a decision.The author talks a lot about three systems socialism, commonism not a typo , and privatism In socialism, a central manager determines what people should contribute and receive In commonism, each individual determines what he should contribute and receive This system can work, but only in very small groups, under 100 150 in number Above that number, the emotion of shame doesn t work The author seems to prefer privatism, but it isn t a clear and simple issue.The author is a professor of human ecology There is an entire chapter devoted to global warming, its causes and consequences This chapter seems to be especially apropos today I am surprised that he wrote about it 25 years ago The author is also concerned with the hidden costs to society So very often, a corporation generates some sort of pollution and reaps the profits and benefits, but spreads the hidden costs of cleanup to all society One of the few books that has changed the way I look at the world and evaluate information to, hopefully, makeintelligent decisions The book starts in a slow tempo by suggesting a logical structure to evaluate decisions and information, which can be summarized as 1 are the right words being used , 2 are the right numbers and quantities being referenced, and 3 are the right time and system wide implications being considered Afterwards, the real eye opening lessons begin with the con One of the few books that has changed the way I look at the world and evaluate information to, hopefully, makeintelligent decisions The book starts in a slow tempo by suggesting a logical structure to evaluate decisions and information, which can be summarized as 1 are the right words being used , 2 are the right numbers and quantities being referenced, and 3 are the right time and system wide implications being considered Afterwards, the real eye opening lessons begin with the concept of commonized cost and privatized profits in which the author posits that most of what we know as free enterprise is based on a game in which the winners appropriate the profits to themselves while trying to distribute the costs to the wider society While this pattern has brought technological progress and development, we have to question whether it is the best model going forward.There are many other concepts that are mind altering throughout the book and I wouldn t be able to make justice to all of them, so I can only suggest that you read the whole thing e.g., poverty is not just a state but a process, and most policies to solve poverty focus on the state and not the process which actually distributes poverty rather than wealth.I only know that I ll be reading this book over and over in the future, which for me is the mark of excellent books This book has aged incredibly since it was first published, 34 years ago I think all the multitude of ideas discussed in this book about economics, society, the environment, human psychology, among others, are evenrelevant today than when this was originally written.With all the noise from our media and our social networks, it is urgent that each member of society develops these filters against folly so we can, as a society, find the right policies to maintain and improve our quality of This book has aged incredibly since it was first published, 34 years ago I think all the multitude of ideas discussed in this book about economics, society, the environment, human psychology, among others, are evenrelevant today than when this was originally written.With all the noise from our media and our social networks, it is urgent that each member of society develops these filters against folly so we can, as a society, find the right policies to maintain and improve our quality of life for us and for future generations in a world with finite resources.The idea of The Tragedy of the Commons is central to the book and this is a very good read for the ones like me that were first introduced to it in the 1968 article from the same author about the topic and were left wanting to read a biton this matter.Highly recommended